If an applicant did not file taxes in a prior year, income will be verified by the Marketplace through use of electronic wage data. If the information cannot be verified electronically, the applicant may be asked to submit additional paper documentation within 90 days, such as pay stubs, a work contract or other verification of income.
What happens to a young adult who applies for premium tax credits the first year she is independent, and so she hasn’t filed a return in prior years?
One challenge a young adult may face in her first year of independent tax filing is verifying income, since one of the prime sources of income data is a prior year tax return. However, other methods of verification are available; for instance, the Marketplace will have access to monthly wage data that can verify current income. In the case of someone who is self-employed or who has fluctuating income, additional documentation of income may be accepted.
The fact that a young adult has not filed in the past will not prevent her from receiving premium tax credits. When she applies, if the Marketplace cannot verify her income right away, she will receive a provisional (temporary) eligibility determination based on the income information she puts in her application. The Marketplace will then give her a period of time (usually 90 days) to provide additional documentation of income. Current pay stubs, bank deposit records, or other documentation may be appropriate, depending on her situation.
Yes in most cases. People who have not filed a tax return before can qualify for a premium tax credit. However, there is a requirement to file a return for the tax year in which you receive a premium tax credit. If you got an advanced premium tax credit last year, you must file a federal income tax return for that year to be eligible to receive an advance premium tax credit next year.